Primary 5 (ages 8-11) lesson 40
(Katrina, 2nd C. in Vernal, UT)
This is for the "Pioneerlesson" in Primary 5 (ages 8-11) lesson 40

Here are some questions my friend and I came up with after finding a few articles at on pioneers. Tape the questions to the back of a wagon clipart. I told her to do as another lady mentioned...have 16 wagons because it took 16 weeks to get there...hence, we only made up 16 questions. Do a rough drawing on posterboard of the states they traveled through from Nauvoo to Salt Lake City with the Mormon Trail marked on there as well. As the children answer the questions, put the wagons along the trail and hopefully there will be time to do all 16 and "arrive" in SLC!! Also, hide the wagons underneath the children's chairs ahead of time...

Here are the questions and the answers are below. Have the answers on a separate piece of paper.

What time did the bugle wake the pioneers?
5:00 am They had family prayer, breakfast, fed the horses & oxen, got them ready to move by 7:00am

What time did they go to bed at night?
9:00 pm After supper, they had prayer in their wagons around 8:30 and were expected to be in bed by 9:00

How many miles did they travel each day?

10 to 15 miles each day; and only 5 miles each day when they reached the Rocky Mtns.

How many miles was the entire trip?
Exactly 1,032 (from Winter Quarters)

How often did the wagon trains travel single file?
Not often. Sometimes wagons traveled 2 to 4 across, hardly ever single file.

How great a threat were the Indians?
Brigham Young told the Saints to be friendly towards the Indians so they were not a problem. The Indians would visit the camps of the pioneers and would receive gifts such as beads and fishhooks.

Was it harder to walk or ride in the wagon?
Actually it was harder to ride.

Riding in the wagon was such a HARD and bumpy ride, that it could loosen teeth and bruise tailbones. To ride inside a covered wagon all day long in the sun would be like sitting inside a hot oven. They could actually walk faster than the ox pulled wagon and they would visit and explore without the dust of the wagon. (Ox 2 mph and people 3 mph)

What did the pioneers use to start their fires?
Buffalo chips.
Girls would fill their apron pockets with them as they walked and then put them in the wood box on the wagon
Boys would have to fetch sticks that their father would see from the seat on the wagon and bring it back to the wood box

Did the pioneers leave messages on buffalo bones for other pioneers traveling behind them?

What kinds of hard things did the pioneers face?
or most people it was fairly safe, but they faced blisters, sore muscles, sunburn, chapped lips, constant dust and dirt, mosquitoes, bland and sometimes poorly cooked food, diarrhea attacks, wagon and livestock problems, wind, rain, heat, mud, stretches without firewood, places with bad water, and lots of hard work.

What did they do to have fun even though it was a hard journey?
Visited, sang, danced, told tall-tales around the campfire, sometimes played pranks on one another, picked flowers and berries, shared recipes and utensils, did creative cooking, read books, wrote letters, kept diaries, and sewed.

Where did the pioneers bathe?
In rivers and streams.

After a long days travel, did the pioneers park their wagons in a row, or did each family go off by themselves, or were they in a circle all together?
In a circle for protection, to keep the cattle from straying, and to sing and dance by the campfire.

Because they had to leave most of their toys behind, what did they play with?
They made their own toys from things they found along the way and made up games.

Were the pioneers mostly grown-ups or kids?

On what day did the pioneers arrive in the Great Salt Lake Valley?
July 24, 1847